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A glossary of leather terms

A glossary of leather terms

  • Categories:Industry News
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  • Time of issue:2020-02-17
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(Summary description)A glossary of leather terms
01, Kangaroo skin
Produced in Australia, the basal fibrous tissue is compact, and the cortex is flexible, strong, and can be made into various light leathers.
02, dry skin
Spread fresh skin on the ground for drying or shading. Synonym: sweet dry plate.
03, frozen fresh skin
Fresh skins that have been cryopreserved. Synonym: frozen plate skin.
04, seal skin
It is generally applicable to leather clothing and leather shoes. In recent years, blind hunting of seals has been necessary. Therefore, it is necessary to take more protection measures to reduce the hunting of seals.
05, deerskin
Including the skin of deer or wild deer. Closer to deer is suede or yellow suede, moose (moose, brown horns deer), and reindeer skin. Its skin is thicker than goat skin, and its fibrous tissue is tighter Really meticulous.
06.Donkey skin and mule skin
The skins removed from donkeys and mules are similar to horse skins.
07, Mapi
Including the skin of various horses, the fibrous tissue of the horse's predecessor is relatively loose, and the hips of the hind body have two pieces of fetal skin, the fibrous tissue is very tight and the abrasion resistance is great.
08, yak leather
The fur is thick and has less fat, and the fibrous tissue is looser than yellow leather, but tighter than buffalo leather.
09. Lambskin; Lambskin
Lambskin, woolen lambskin can be used as winter clothing after tanning; depilated lambskin can be used as shoe lining after tanning; young sheep's skin.
10.Sheepskin
Its characteristics are dense coat, large fat content in the skin, loose fibrous tissue, and soft leather, which can be used for making fur and light leather.
11, cowhide
It is an important class of leather raw materials, including many varieties, mainly yellow leather (including different hair colors), followed by buffalo and yak leather. Cowhide can be used for pharmaceuticals and has a wide range of applications.
12, yak
    A yak is a cross between a male yak and a female yak. ​​Its skin is called yak and its fiber tissue density is between the two. It is produced in northwest and southwestern China.
13, goatskin
    The skin is thin, the fiber structure is firmer than sheep skin, and the leather grain is fine. It can make all kinds of light leather, especially clothing leather and glove leather.
14. Disability skin
    A general term for injured or incomplete skin. Synonym: residual skin.
15.Scars
    The traces left on the skin of the animal after all kinds of injuries were healed during its survival.
16.Snake and Python
    Including wild and farmed, can be tanned and used as a ticket holder or shoe upper. The rawhide can be made into leather for musical instruments after special treatment, which is used for moon piano and tambourine.
17, buffalo
    The skin is characterized by sparse coats, coarser grains, larger skins than yellow leather, and thicker and heavier skins, but the fiber tissue is looser and less elastic.
18.Sheepskin
    Including goatskin and sheepskin.
19.Fish skin
    It has been used for tanning with eel skin (anguilla), shark skin (pescecane), salmon skin (salnone), etc. After scale processing, it can be used to make shoe uppers or leather pieces with unique patterns.
20.Pigskin
    It is an important class of leather raw materials. It is characterized by large pores, rough surface, insufficient uniform structure of the skin, and large differences in parts. Pig leather is tough and can be used for all types of leather, and is widely used.

21.Half-leather
    Two half-length leather men formed by splitting along the middle of the leather sheet, including the inner part of the neck and shoulders.
22. Half-sheet leather; abdomen
    Half of the entire leather is cut along the spine; it includes the abdomen of the leather or leather and the upper part of the front and rear legs, including the abdominal ridge.
23.Bag leather
    Leather for bags, handbags, soft bags, borsa porta-documenti.
24.aniline leather
    Leather dyed with aniline dyes and unpainted.
25.Woven leather
    The leather strips are woven into sheet leather with different patterns, which are used as shoe uppers and leather goods.
26. Wiping leather
    An oil-tanned leather, used to wipe all kinds of glass, glass instruments and optical instrument lenses.
27.Lining leather
    Used as leather lining for leather shoes and other leather goods. Synonym: Calig.
28. Leather
    Finished leather. Can be sold as a finished product.
29, rubbing leather
    Manually rub leather boards or machines to rub different patterns of leather on the grain surface. Synonym: rubbed leather.
30.Polished leather
    Polished by a lighter to make the grain surface highly shiny and smooth leather.
31. Polished goat leather; goat leather
    A chrome-tanned goat leather for the upper. It has a smooth grain and a high-gloss appearance. It is made of goat leather and is often used in high-end women's shoes.
32.Leather leather
    It is tanned leather with inte

A glossary of leather terms

(Summary description)A glossary of leather terms
01, Kangaroo skin
Produced in Australia, the basal fibrous tissue is compact, and the cortex is flexible, strong, and can be made into various light leathers.
02, dry skin
Spread fresh skin on the ground for drying or shading. Synonym: sweet dry plate.
03, frozen fresh skin
Fresh skins that have been cryopreserved. Synonym: frozen plate skin.
04, seal skin
It is generally applicable to leather clothing and leather shoes. In recent years, blind hunting of seals has been necessary. Therefore, it is necessary to take more protection measures to reduce the hunting of seals.
05, deerskin
Including the skin of deer or wild deer. Closer to deer is suede or yellow suede, moose (moose, brown horns deer), and reindeer skin. Its skin is thicker than goat skin, and its fibrous tissue is tighter Really meticulous.
06.Donkey skin and mule skin
The skins removed from donkeys and mules are similar to horse skins.
07, Mapi
Including the skin of various horses, the fibrous tissue of the horse's predecessor is relatively loose, and the hips of the hind body have two pieces of fetal skin, the fibrous tissue is very tight and the abrasion resistance is great.
08, yak leather
The fur is thick and has less fat, and the fibrous tissue is looser than yellow leather, but tighter than buffalo leather.
09. Lambskin; Lambskin
Lambskin, woolen lambskin can be used as winter clothing after tanning; depilated lambskin can be used as shoe lining after tanning; young sheep's skin.
10.Sheepskin
Its characteristics are dense coat, large fat content in the skin, loose fibrous tissue, and soft leather, which can be used for making fur and light leather.
11, cowhide
It is an important class of leather raw materials, including many varieties, mainly yellow leather (including different hair colors), followed by buffalo and yak leather. Cowhide can be used for pharmaceuticals and has a wide range of applications.
12, yak
    A yak is a cross between a male yak and a female yak. ​​Its skin is called yak and its fiber tissue density is between the two. It is produced in northwest and southwestern China.
13, goatskin
    The skin is thin, the fiber structure is firmer than sheep skin, and the leather grain is fine. It can make all kinds of light leather, especially clothing leather and glove leather.
14. Disability skin
    A general term for injured or incomplete skin. Synonym: residual skin.
15.Scars
    The traces left on the skin of the animal after all kinds of injuries were healed during its survival.
16.Snake and Python
    Including wild and farmed, can be tanned and used as a ticket holder or shoe upper. The rawhide can be made into leather for musical instruments after special treatment, which is used for moon piano and tambourine.
17, buffalo
    The skin is characterized by sparse coats, coarser grains, larger skins than yellow leather, and thicker and heavier skins, but the fiber tissue is looser and less elastic.
18.Sheepskin
    Including goatskin and sheepskin.
19.Fish skin
    It has been used for tanning with eel skin (anguilla), shark skin (pescecane), salmon skin (salnone), etc. After scale processing, it can be used to make shoe uppers or leather pieces with unique patterns.
20.Pigskin
    It is an important class of leather raw materials. It is characterized by large pores, rough surface, insufficient uniform structure of the skin, and large differences in parts. Pig leather is tough and can be used for all types of leather, and is widely used.

21.Half-leather
    Two half-length leather men formed by splitting along the middle of the leather sheet, including the inner part of the neck and shoulders.
22. Half-sheet leather; abdomen
    Half of the entire leather is cut along the spine; it includes the abdomen of the leather or leather and the upper part of the front and rear legs, including the abdominal ridge.
23.Bag leather
    Leather for bags, handbags, soft bags, borsa porta-documenti.
24.aniline leather
    Leather dyed with aniline dyes and unpainted.
25.Woven leather
    The leather strips are woven into sheet leather with different patterns, which are used as shoe uppers and leather goods.
26. Wiping leather
    An oil-tanned leather, used to wipe all kinds of glass, glass instruments and optical instrument lenses.
27.Lining leather
    Used as leather lining for leather shoes and other leather goods. Synonym: Calig.
28. Leather
    Finished leather. Can be sold as a finished product.
29, rubbing leather
    Manually rub leather boards or machines to rub different patterns of leather on the grain surface. Synonym: rubbed leather.
30.Polished leather
    Polished by a lighter to make the grain surface highly shiny and smooth leather.
31. Polished goat leather; goat leather
    A chrome-tanned goat leather for the upper. It has a smooth grain and a high-gloss appearance. It is made of goat leather and is often used in high-end women's shoes.
32.Leather leather
    It is tanned leather with inte

  • Categories:Industry News
  • Author:
  • Origin:
  • Time of issue:2020-02-17
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Information
A glossary of leather terms
01, Kangaroo skin
Produced in Australia, the basal fibrous tissue is compact, and the cortex is flexible, strong, and can be made into various light leathers.
02, dry skin
Spread fresh skin on the ground for drying or shading. Synonym: sweet dry plate.
03, frozen fresh skin
Fresh skins that have been cryopreserved. Synonym: frozen plate skin.
04, seal skin
It is generally applicable to leather clothing and leather shoes. In recent years, blind hunting of seals has been necessary. Therefore, it is necessary to take more protection measures to reduce the hunting of seals.
05, deerskin
Including the skin of deer or wild deer. Closer to deer is suede or yellow suede, moose (moose, brown horns deer), and reindeer skin. Its skin is thicker than goat skin, and its fibrous tissue is tighter Really meticulous.
06.Donkey skin and mule skin
The skins removed from donkeys and mules are similar to horse skins.
07, Mapi
Including the skin of various horses, the fibrous tissue of the horse's predecessor is relatively loose, and the hips of the hind body have two pieces of fetal skin, the fibrous tissue is very tight and the abrasion resistance is great.
08, yak leather
The fur is thick and has less fat, and the fibrous tissue is looser than yellow leather, but tighter than buffalo leather.
09. Lambskin; Lambskin
Lambskin, woolen lambskin can be used as winter clothing after tanning; depilated lambskin can be used as shoe lining after tanning; young sheep's skin.
10.Sheepskin
Its characteristics are dense coat, large fat content in the skin, loose fibrous tissue, and soft leather, which can be used for making fur and light leather.
11, cowhide
It is an important class of leather raw materials, including many varieties, mainly yellow leather (including different hair colors), followed by buffalo and yak leather. Cowhide can be used for pharmaceuticals and has a wide range of applications.
12, yak
    A yak is a cross between a male yak and a female yak. ​​Its skin is called yak and its fiber tissue density is between the two. It is produced in northwest and southwestern China.
13, goatskin
    The skin is thin, the fiber structure is firmer than sheep skin, and the leather grain is fine. It can make all kinds of light leather, especially clothing leather and glove leather.
14. Disability skin
    A general term for injured or incomplete skin. Synonym: residual skin.
15.Scars
    The traces left on the skin of the animal after all kinds of injuries were healed during its survival.
16.Snake and Python
    Including wild and farmed, can be tanned and used as a ticket holder or shoe upper. The rawhide can be made into leather for musical instruments after special treatment, which is used for moon piano and tambourine.
17, buffalo
    The skin is characterized by sparse coats, coarser grains, larger skins than yellow leather, and thicker and heavier skins, but the fiber tissue is looser and less elastic.
18.Sheepskin
    Including goatskin and sheepskin.
19.Fish skin
    It has been used for tanning with eel skin (anguilla), shark skin (pescecane), salmon skin (salnone), etc. After scale processing, it can be used to make shoe uppers or leather pieces with unique patterns.
20.Pigskin
    It is an important class of leather raw materials. It is characterized by large pores, rough surface, insufficient uniform structure of the skin, and large differences in parts. Pig leather is tough and can be used for all types of leather, and is widely used.
 
21.Half-leather
    Two half-length leather men formed by splitting along the middle of the leather sheet, including the inner part of the neck and shoulders.
22. Half-sheet leather; abdomen
    Half of the entire leather is cut along the spine; it includes the abdomen of the leather or leather and the upper part of the front and rear legs, including the abdominal ridge.
23.Bag leather
    Leather for bags, handbags, soft bags, borsa porta-documenti.
24.aniline leather
    Leather dyed with aniline dyes and unpainted.
25.Woven leather
    The leather strips are woven into sheet leather with different patterns, which are used as shoe uppers and leather goods.
26. Wiping leather
    An oil-tanned leather, used to wipe all kinds of glass, glass instruments and optical instrument lenses.
27.Lining leather
    Used as leather lining for leather shoes and other leather goods. Synonym: Calig.
28. Leather
    Finished leather. Can be sold as a finished product.
29, rubbing leather
    Manually rub leather boards or machines to rub different patterns of leather on the grain surface. Synonym: rubbed leather.
30.Polished leather
    Polished by a lighter to make the grain surface highly shiny and smooth leather.
31. Polished goat leather; goat leather
    A chrome-tanned goat leather for the upper. It has a smooth grain and a high-gloss appearance. It is made of goat leather and is often used in high-end women's shoes.
32.Leather leather
    It is tanned leather with intentional retention of fur, with trimmed short hairs.
33, bloody leather
    Leather with obvious veins on the grain surface or grain surface and meat surface.
34.Multi-tone leather
    The finishing process makes the leather show a variety of shades of leather.
35.Russian leather
36.Waterproof leather
    A large amount of oil and other materials or fat-swelling materials that swell in water block the pores and the interstices in the leather. Such leather is impermeable to water, but not necessarily hydrophobic.
37. Anti-aging leather; antique leather
    A special finish to make the leather look worn out. Generally, the leather texture graphics are decorated into a very irregular shape, and the depressions or depressions on the leather surface are made into contrasting colors to create a two-tone effect. The texture of the leather is simulated by embossing, rubbing and other simulation methods Patina effect.
38, clothing leather
    A general term for leather used to make clothing such as coats, jackets, leather pants, and leather skirts.
39. Photosensitive leather
    Due to the change of light, the color of the affected leather.
40.Zirconium tanned leather
    Tanned leather with zirconium salt as the main tanning agent has a white color.
 
41.Chrome wet leather
    Blue-green wet leather after chrome tanning. Synonym: wet blue leather.
42.Industrial leather
    A general term for leather used in knitting machinery and other machinery. Synonym: machine leather.
43, silicon tanned leather
    Tanned leathers with silicon compounds are white in color and generally not storage-resistant.
44, gray leather
    During the leaching process and the leaching, the skin has swelled and the hair has been removed.
45 、 Leather for furniture
    This leather is used to make seat cushions and back covers for furniture (such as chairs and sofas). Large-scale leathers are usually used, such as oxen and buffalo. High-grade leathers are made of grained top layer leather. Medium and low-grade leathers can be made of modified leather, suede leather or split leather.
46.Gradient leather
    The leather grain surface has a special darker undercoat layer and a lighter top layer. The top layer is brushed off after brushing, and the grain surface changes in color.
47.Orthopedic leather
    Manufacture of leather for orthopedic purposes such as prosthetics. Synonym: prosthetic leather.
48. Combine tanned leather
    Leather tanned with two or more tanning agents, such as semi-cromo, semi-alluminio, etc.
49, golden leather
    Leather with gold foil or leather with golden lacquer emulsion paint to give the leather a golden luster.
50, metallic color leather
    Leather with metal foil affixed to the leather surface or metal powder added to the finishing agent to make the leather surface metallic.
51.Neck leather
    Leather made of animal neck and neck is often used in the less important parts of the upper, such as the main heel of the back, the back of the back, the tongue, etc.
52. Neck and Shoulder (Leather); Half Shoulder
    The leather between the back and neck, this part of the leather is mainly used for the back, foreskin, reinforcement leather, tongue, etc .; that is, half of the full shoulder.
53, washable leather
    The color fastness, flexibility, volume and area stability of leather that can be washed under ordinary water washing conditions should all meet certain requirements.
54.Wide belly leather
    A half-length leather with a larger area and lower value than normal leather.
55.Aluminum tanned leather
    Tanned leather using aluminum salt as the main tanning agent component is white.
56, harness leather
    Vegetable-tanned or chrome-tanned leather was originally mainly used to make military harnesses, but now also used to make various tourist luggage.
57.Dual-use leather
    It is a fur shoe decorated with fur on the fur, painted or fluffed on the flesh, with fur on one side and leather on the other, which can be used on both sides.
58, pores
    Small holes in the animal's cortex. Each small hole grows hair and can release sweat.
59, fur, fur
    Fur-furred leather is generally used in winter boots or shoes for decoration or in the mouth.
60.Art leather
    Because the grain itself is beautiful and unique or has special processing and decoration and has aesthetic and artistic appreciation, it is used to make high-end women's bags, delicate handbags and so on. Synonym: fine leather.
 
61.Leather
    Refers to leather for shoe uppers. Synonym: upper leather.
62.Morocco leather
    An exquisite goat leather that is tanned and rubbed with special gravel on the leather.
63.Insole leather
    The leather used as the inner sole of leather shoes, the secondary parts of multipurpose leather, can also be made of grained pigskin or cattle split. Synonym: rifle.
64.Blank leather
    After tanning, the leather is fattened, dried, undyed or dyed but not finished.
 
65. Split leather (leather); split
    Before tanning, the layered skin is called the split skin, and the one with grain surface is called the head skin. The following are two-layer skin and three-layer skin, and the one with the meat layer is the meat-layer split skin. After tanning, the layered leather is called split leather, and the grained leather is called head leather. The following are two-layer leather, three-layer leather, and meat leather with leather surface. The process of splitting the leather or leather at different stages into two or more layers, or removing the thick parts of the leather in order to make the thickness of the leather uniform. Synonyms: skin.
66.Patent leather
    It is a kind of leather with bright surface like a mirror. It is based on linseed oil, nitrocellulose, polyurethane or other synthetic resins, and is coated with one or more layers of paint. Its derivatives include wrinkled patent leather and printed patent leather.
67.Patent leather
    In dust-free workshops, leathers made by painting in a special way.
68.Lightly polished leather
    Only a part of the grain layer of the leather is lightly polished, but the part of the grain surface that has not been worn off should be retained on the entire leather surface, and natural pores and textured leather can still be seen on the grain surface. Synonyms: lightly repaired leather, half grain leather.
69.Full Grain Leather
    The grain pattern remains intact, with natural pores and clearly visible leather. Synonym: frontal leather.
70, aldehyde tanned leather
    Tanned leather with tanning aldehydes. Leather tanned with a formaldehyde solution is called formaldehyde tanned leather; leather tanned with a glutaraldehyde solution is called glutaraldehyde leather, and so on.
71.Color difference
    Different colors appear on the surface of the leather.
72.Suede, suede
    The grain surface of the whole skin is ground to change the appearance, while the meat surface is coarsely ground. The grain surface layer of the fleece is the front side of the finished product; the meat surface is frayed leather. Synonym: Sweige.
73.Suede leather, oil-tanned leather
    The grain surface of the whole skin is ground to change the appearance, while the meat surface is roughened. The grained surface layer of the fleece is the front side of the finished oil product. Cheng, the leather is mostly yellow, soft and soft texture. Synonym: oil deer skin.
74.Dairy cow leather
    Dairy cowhide shoes are used for high-quality fronts. In Italy, the term is limited to half a cowhide from 20 to 30 and up to 35 square feet.
75.Softened leather
    The enzymatic softening process will end or soften the skin.
76. Soft rough leather
    Soft half-piece leather for outdoor shoes and sports shoes, tanned with vegetable synthetic tanning agents or semi-chrome tanned, with a small grid pattern on the grain surface.
77.Soft Baotou
    A pre-formed soft inner toe cap that is placed inside the upper when assembling shoes on the last.
78. Raw Tanned Leather
    Those that have gone through the depilation and liming processes, and then dried after being treated with oil (or thenardite and oil) and sometimes undergo other preparations, but have not undergone tanning, can be used to make loom belts, transmission gears, Drums and so on.
79.Glove leather
    A general term for leather used to make various gloves.
80.Written leather
    Generally, it is the written material leather of hardcover books made of cowhide. It beautifies and protects books and displays its preciousness.
81.Stripping leather
    Dry wrinkled leather in the drum.
82 、 Two-tone effect leather
    Finished leather with a two-tone effect.
83.Two-way suede
    A kind of suede with long fluff, which can be turned to one side or the other by touching the leather surface with your fingers.
 
84.Titanium tanned leather
    Tanned with titanium salt as the main tanning agent or component, the leather is white.
85.Reinforced leather
    A layer of material consisting of fabric and plastic or only one layer of plastic is glued to the hem of the leather surface layer.
86.Iron tanned leather
    Tanned leathers using iron salts as the main tanning agent component are generally not shelf-stable.
87.Ostrich leather
    Light and strong leather tanned from South African ostrich skin, a small round bulge appears at the feathers, forming a unique pattern.
88.Outsole leather
    The leather used as the outsole of leather shoes is mostly made of yellow leather, buffalo leather and thicker pigskin.
89.Microporous synthetic leather
    A synthetic material designed specifically for uppers, because of its porous structure, it can penetrate air and water vapor.
90.Box leather
    Leather for making luggage; mostly made of cow and sheep leather, or pig leather.
91. Matte leather
    Finishing leather with a matting finish that produces a matting effect.
92. Calfskin upper leather; grain leather
    The chrome tanned shoe upper leather uses calf as raw material, the leather grain surface is smooth and fine, with a small grid pattern.
93.Leather leather
    Leather for soles, including general soles, soft soles and insoles.
94. Modify the grain; modify the leather
    Part of the grain surface is polished away to reduce the impact of grain defects, and then a fake grain surface is created by different finishing methods to imitate the full grain leather. Synonym: shaving leather.
95, embossed leather, printed leather
    Leather machined into uneven patterns or other animal grain patterns on the leather surface; leather with beautiful patterns and patterns printed on either side of the leather by hand or machine.
96. Embossed polished leather
    After embossing, a part of the leather is polished away, and the raised pattern makes the leather surface appear different colors and patterns, such as stone-milled blue leather.
97.History
    Used as leather for leather shoes.
98.Dried salted skin
    It is obtained by drying the salt wet skin. Synonym: salt plate skin, salt plate skin.
99.Salt wet skin
    Wet skins that have been soaked with plenty of salt have a longer shelf life. Synonym: salty wet skin.
100.Salty fresh skin
    After preliminary salting, it can be used as fresh skin for short-term preservation. Generally, it is not pickled. The skin has a large water content and a small salt content. Synonym: salty fresh skin.
 
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101. Pigment Finished Leather
    Mainly refers to leathers coated with a mixture of opaque pigments. Synonym: pigment leather.
102.Sheep leather
    Including sheepskin, goats and

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